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ASME Code - Allowable Stresses
  • Stress Values- Section II, Table 1A
  • Stress Values- Section II, Table 1B
  • Stress Values- Section II, Table 3
  • Carbon Steel - Example
  • High Alloy Steel - Example
Shells and Heads
  • Cylinder under internal pressure
  • Elliptical head under internal pressure
  • Torispherical head under internal pressure
  • Klöpperboden (DIN28011) under internal pressure
  • Korbbogenboden (DIN28013) under int. pressure
  • Hemispherical head under internal pressure
  • Flat head (circular) under internal pressure
  • Flat head (noncircular) under internal pressure
  • Equivalent flange pressure due to ext. loads
  • ASME B16.5 flanges external loads - UG-44(b)
  • Loose-type flange under internal pressure
  • ASME B16.5 Flanges P/T Ratings
Determination of foming strains
  • Forming strain of a cylinder
  • Forming strain of a head
  • Forming strain of tube or pipe bends

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Internal pressure design calculation of cylinders


internal pressure P:

bar ASME cylinders

min. wall thickness tmin:


allowable stress S:


joint efficiency E:


Intermediate results


  I [App.1-1(1)] II [UG-27(1)] III [App.1-2(1)] IV [App.1-2(1)]
Online Rechner ASME Code Online Rechner ASME Code Online Rechner ASME Code Online Rechner ASME Code

required wall- thickness treq:

design margin:

Input Errors



ASME Code Section VIII, Division 1, 2021 Edition offers four different formulas for the internal pressure design calculation of cylinders. The results slightly differ depending on the formula used. It´s up to the user to select the formula. It must be noted, however, that formulas I and II from UG-27 and Appendix 1-1 (Supplementary Design Formulas) can only be applied for thin walled cylinders, while formulas III and IV are applicable for both thin and thick walled cylinders.

As is usual with all ASME Code formulas, the dimensions used have to be considered for the corroded condition. Corrosion allowances (and tolerances) have to be added to the results. The allowable stresses are listed in the ASME Code Section II, Part D. For pressure bearing components which are to meet the ASME Code requirements, only these allowable stress values or those from approved Code Cases are permitted.

The correct efficiency factor E for longitudinal seams (Category A) are determined according to paragraph UW-12. Brief instructions for the determination of the correct efficiency factor are available in our ASME Code Tutorials (German).

The basic rules are as follows:

  • no radiographic examination (RT): E = 0,7

  • spot RT: E = 0,85

  • full RT: E = 1, except adjacent category B or C butt welds do not meet spot requirements according to UW-11(a)(5)(b) and are not type 1 or 2 welds (half-apex angle is equal or less than 30 deg) – in this case E = 0.85

  • seamless vessel sections and heads: E = 1, except adjacent category B or C butt welds do not meet spot requirements according to UW-11(a)(5)(b) or are Type No. 3 (single welded butt joint without backing strip), 4, 5, 6 (full fillet lap joints) or 8 (angle joints larger 30°) - in this case E = 0.85

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These calculation tools are intended to be used for information and guidance only, they do not replace a detailed design calculation and compliance with all applicable Code requirements. CIS GmbH expressly disclaims liability for errors and omissions in the contents of this site.

ASME Section VIII Division 1
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